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Languages of America

Official and Spoken Languages of the Countries of the Americas and the Caribbean

List of official, national and spoken languages of North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
Languages by Countries
Country Official & National Languages Other spoken Languages
Anguilla English
Antigua and Barbuda English local dialects, Creole English
Argentina Spanish English, Italian, German, French
Aruba Dutch Papiamento (Creole with Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English roots), English (widely spoken), Spanish
Bahamas English Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
Barbados English
Belize English Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole
Bolivia Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Brazil Portuguese Spanish, English, French, American Indian languages
Canada English 59%, French 23%; (Canada’s Territory Nunavut wants that Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun become official) 53 native Inuit and American-Indian languages (18%)
Cayman Islands English
Chile Spanish
Colombia Spanish American Indian languages
Costa Rica Spanish English
Cuba Spanish
Dominica English French patois
Dominican Republic Spanish
Ecuador Spanish Quechua and other Amerindian languages
El Salvador Spanish Nahua (among some Amerindians)
French Guiana French
Grenada English French patois
Guadeloupe French 99% Creole patois
Guatemala Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
Guyana English Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Haiti French, Creole
Honduras Spanish Amerindian dialects
Jamaica English most Jamaicans speak an English-based dialect which is known as Patois
Martinique French Creole patois
Mexico Spanish various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
Nicaragua Spanish English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
Panama Spanish English 14%
Paraguay Spanish, Guarani
Peru Spanish, Quechua Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages
Puerto Rico Spanish, English
Saint Kitts and Nevis English
Saint Lucia English French patois
Suriname Dutch Sranan Tongo, a Creole language contains elements from English, Portugese, Dutch, and influences from African and Indian languages; Hindi, Javanese, Maroon and indigenous people languages
Trinidad and Tobago English Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese
United States English (not official language) Spanish (spoken by a sizable minority)
Uruguay Spanish Portunol, or Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)
Venezuela Spanish numerous indigenous dialects
Virgin Islands English Spanish, Creole